is associate professor of the practice of theology, ethics, and global health, and associate dean for interdisciplinary initiatives. Jointly appointed in the Divinity School, the Kenan Institute for Ethics, and the Duke Global Health Institute, Toole teaches courses on theology and social science, the history and ethics of humanitarianism, and health systems and policy, with an emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. His current research centers on the role of mission hospitals in African health systems, with a particular focus on the countries of the Nile River Basin in eastern Africa. He is the author of Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo: Theological Reflections on Nihilism, Tragedy, and Apocalypse. He also serves as the principal investigator of the Clergy Health Initiative.